Top tips on Navigation and how best to address those hills!

Last updated: 23-Aug-18

By Kerry Sutton

The Dragon’s Back Race, running the length of Wales, has been tantalizing me for a while. With the entire 300km route unmarked, I thought it best to brush up on my navigation skills with Dave Taylor, a Fell running guide and current English Fell Running Champion (V50 category).

It’s not often you get to say this in the UK, but after a five-hour slog along the none-too-scenic motorways of our land, James and I were rewarded with one of the most stunning days you could ask for in The Peak District. We met Dave and uncoiled ourselves from the car in a car park at the source of the Pennine Way. This is also interestingly the start of the Spine Race, which is another race high on my bucket list, once I’ve mastered the art of self navigation. We began our journey following the well known ‘little acorn’ through green rolling hills along little stony pathways on a gradual ascent out of Edale up to the peaks. The banter and chat was high as we jogged along sharing experiences and in so doing, forming an idea of what I wanted from our session together.

As the gradient on the ancient painstakingly hand-crafted path began to rise, Dave stopped us to talk through some of the hill running techniques he finds advantageous when facing a climb. James and I then practiced these over short sections of the trail. One of the main points I find really valuable when facing elevation of any sort, is finding a consistent pace. We all attack hills at different speeds but finding your efficient steady pace for that particular gradient is important. Successful hill climbing will be crucial in both of the future races I am interested in.

Dave was full of great ideas and in a nutshell his top hill climbing tips were:

  • When tackling gentle hills keep a short stride length and high cadence with a mid / forefoot landing. Don’t slouch, aim to stay tall with a slight forward lean.
  • When the hills get steeper it will probably be more efficient to walk. Here you can lengthen your stride and use hands on knees to ease the strain on your legs when it gets really steep. Watch any of the top ultra runners and they have perfected this art to a tee.
  • Try to coincide walking with refuelling; it’s easier to open zips, undo wrappers, eat and drink whilst walking as opposed to running.

As I have already mentioned we were blessed with a stunner of a day and this was the view that greeted us after we had zipped up the slopes with new found, gazelle-like lightness and form!

After a quick photo opportunity and a breather, we started on the navigation side of the session using trig points as markers. Once again we settled into a running rhythm where chat flowed as we ran over bog, tussock, stream and mountain. Both of us took turns firstly orientating ourselves, setting a course and then running with map in hand to our desired point on the horizon. Even that’s something I will have to practice as I hate having things in my hand when I run. The compass can be attached to my rucksack strap so I can keep that tucked out of the way but the map must be accessible.

It was all pretty easy I have to confess and perhaps we were being led in to a false sense of security as the visibility was perfect, the ground reasonably dry, and we were well rested and nourished. It would be another matter if the cloud was down, the ground covered in snow and we were battling hunger and fatigue as is likely during a 60-hour continuous event. That said, it was a great place to start and having brushed up on my skills and feeling more confident I will go and put myself in some uncomfortable places just to be sure that when the chips are down I can rely on my map reading skills to get me to the finish line in one piece!


These are my take away points on Navigation:

  • Always know what direction you should be heading in between checkpoints. The map will almost certainly be printed so that north is at the top and the red needle on your compass points to north. Just knowing these two facts will prevent you from heading in the wrong direction.
  • Check the distance between checkpoints. Grid squares on Ordnance Survey maps measure 1km. If GPS watches are allowed in your event set yours to measure kilometres rather than miles and use the lap button to measure how far you’ve travelled from the last checkpoint. If your watch says you’ve gone 5km that’s 5 grid squares on the map.
  • Look at the map and identify any significant details between checkpoints. For example, is it uphill, downhill, a combination of both? Do you pass any obvious features along the way such as roads or river crossings? Identify something that will tell you if you’ve overshot your destination – e.g. if you reach the river you’ve gone too far.
  • Get to know how quickly you cover different types of terrain so that you can estimate how long it will take to reach your next checkpoint. Set you GPS watch to show pace per km and make a note of it in your training runs. For example if the distance between checkpoints is 5km and you know you will run at around 7 minutes per kilometre then you should reach it in just over half an hour.  

Dave is an accomplished runner in his own right but also a great coach. It would be worth looking him up if you are thinking of entering the likes of the Lakeland 50/100, The Dragon’s Back Race or Spine Race. Whether a beginner or just needing a refresh he will give you the confidence you need to tackle these races head on and in winning style!

David Taylor

Kerry Sutton Ultra Runner and Running coach

All images: Kerry Sutton.

Global - Virtual


A virtual race which can be run at any time shown on the dates shown, on any type of terrain in any country.

Suitable for

For runners from beginners to experienced as you choose your own course and challenge based on the guidelines and options set by the virtual race organiser.

Endurance - Multi-activity


An ultra distance race including at least two of the following activities such as running, swimming, cycling, kayaking, skiing and climbing. It may also include different climatic conditions (eg ice, snow, humidity, cold water, mud or heat).

Suitable for

Experienced multi-skilled athletes who have trained for the different activities included in this event. Admission to these races may be subject to receipt of a recent medical examination certificate. Check with the race organiser regarding entry requirements and any specialist equipment required such as a wetsuit, skis or a mountain bike.



Increase of up to 2000 metres with very challenging climatic conditions (e.g. ice, snow, humidity, heat or at high altitude)

Suitable for

Very experienced long distance ultra runners (min 3 years’ experience) or are doing regular long distance running (>50 miles) with elevation and conditions shown (where possible). Admission to these races is often subject to receipt of a recent medical examination certificate. Purchase of specialist kit is often recommended for these races.



Increase of up to 2000 metres with some challenging climatic conditions (e.g. ice, snow, humidity or heat)

Suitable for

Experienced runners who have completed at least 4 ultras in last 12 months, or are doing regular long distance running (>50 miles) with elevation and conditions shown (where possible). Admission to these races may be subject to receipt of a recent medical examination certificate. Check with the race organiser regarding entry requirements.



Increase of up to 1500 metres

Suitable for

Runners who have completed several ultra distances or similar events, or are doing long distance running regularly, with elevation shown.



Increase of up to 1000 metres

Suitable for

Runners who have completed at least one ultra in last 6 months or are doing long distance running (>26 miles) regularly, with elevation shown.



Very little change < 500 metres

Suitable for

First ultra event. Runners completing a marathon or doing regular long distance running (>26 miles) in the last 6 months.